USS Benton County (LST-263) (1943-1958)

USS Benton County (LST-263) was one of several Landing ships built during WWII, named after locations in the Pacific Northwest. Like the rest of the LST, it wasn’t directly named for just one county though. There are Benton Counties in Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Oregon, Tennessee, and Washington, so for our purposes it could be on this list twice!

USS LST-263 under way, October 19 1943, location unknown - Photo by David Kerr, US National Archives photo # 80-G-411655

USS LST-263 under way, October 19 1943, location unknown – Photo by David Kerr, US National Archives photo # 80-G-411655

According to official records LST-263 was only in one action, but did a bit of work transporting troops to the battle fronts in Italy and France. Over 1000 LSTs were built for use in WWII. They were designed to drop off tanks, trucks, artillery and troops onto beaches in amphibious operations. This they did around the world through several wars.

LST-263 was one of 120 LSTs built by the American Bridge Company in Ambridge, PA. She was laid down September 7th, 1942 and launched four months later on February 27th 1943. She was “sponsored” by Mrs. Charles G. Baumgartner, whom seems to have disappeared from history. LST-263 was then commissioned on June 20th 1943, and assigned to the European Theater.

As part of Convoy UGS-37 she crossed the Atlantic Ocean in Spring 1944. It is unclear what she might have carried during that time, but I imagine whatever it was, she was full! As a LST, she is not listed on any Convoy listing that I can found. UGS-37 sailed from the Hamptons on March 24, 1944 to Port Said, Egypt, arriving on April 19, 1944. I assume that was the assembly point for the invasion of France in August and September 1944.

It appears that LST-263 started transporting troops and supplies to the Italian Battlefront. Her first major stop looks to have been Naples. She was the first LST to land at the port of Civitavecchia, Italy, 40 miles Northwest of Rome in June 1944. Despite the Royal Navy clearing a path through ship wrecks in the harbor, they still had to guide the LSTs in. Her next stop was Palermo, Sicily in August 1944.

USS LST-263 beached at Civitavecchia, Italy

USS LST-263 beached at Civitavecchia, Italy – Courtesy of Imperial War Museum Admiralty Official Collection, by Roper, F.G. (Lt), Photo No. © IWM (A 24320)

From the Unit History of the 214th AAA Bn, Sept. 1944.
2 September 1944, Batteries alerted for loading on to LSTs at Ajaccio, Corsica, A & B Batteries on LST-263. Left docks about 1530 and sailed from the harbor at 1800. CO and. S-3, 406th AAA Gun Bn saw us off. Fresh meat for supper.
3 September 1944, Sea journey to St. Tropez, France. windy and rough. Anchored in harbor about 2030.
4 September 1944, Debarking took place at Delta beach, approximately 3 miles west of St. Tropez, from 0800 to 1245

After a rather boring (at least on paper) trip to France, it looks like she transported wounded soldiers and continued to drop off supplies to both the French and Italian fronts. With the end of the war, she was laid up as part of the Reserve Fleet on May 29th 1946. In 1955, for reasons I’ve yet to find, all the LSTs were given proper names. From July 1st 1955, until she was struck from the Naval register and disposed on November 1st, 1958, she was known as the USS Benton County.

Her post war fate is unknown – but is apparently covered in World War II U.S. Navy Vessels in Private Hands: The Boats and Ships Sold and Registered for Commercial and Recreational Purposes Under the American Flag on pg 77. I have not been able to secure a copy of this book though, so have not been able to find out what her ultimate fate was. If you know, (or have a copy of this book,) please comment below!

USS LST-263 ship and staff officers, Palermo Sicily, August 1944. From Douglas K. Fidler, Captain, USAF-Retired

USS LST-263 ship and staff officers, Palermo Sicily, August 1944. From Douglas K. Fidler, Captain, USAF-Retired

Picture above:
Front Sitting (l – r) Ensign Bradford, LT(jg) Reynolds, LT Barnett, LT CDR Russel, LT J. Alfred Austin (CO), Ensign Griffin, LT T.C. McMillen, LT(jg) Benjamin J. Petrusek (CAPT, USN-Ret)
Back Row Standing (l-r) LT(jg) Sparks, LT(jg) New, LT E. Hower, LT(jg) Rothblith, LT(jg) Almand, Ensign Harold J. Fidler (LCDR, USN-Ret)

Other known crew members:
Bennett, Zack

Click here to see more Navy ships named for Pacific Northwest Locations.

Wheatridge Washington Ghost Town?

Name: Wheatridge
Class: C2
GPS: 47.612325, -118.721406 ?

Directions: There are three points of interest that seem to be part of Wheatridge. From Wilbur Washington head 7.8 miles south on Highway 21 to Axtel Road to the first point. Visible from Highway 21 is an abandoned farm.

Wheatridge Washington

Abandoned Farm outside the Ghost Town of Wheatridge Washington

Abandoned Farm outside the Ghost Town of Wheatridge Washington

The next point of interest is a mile south on Highway 21 at the next road crossing. It is the Wheatridge Fairview Cemetery. This is a small cemetery with about ten head stones in it. While it is obviously taken care of, the day I was there it was still over grown. The Internet says that a number of graves have been removed over the years.

The last stop on our trio of points of interest is the Wheatridge school. Simply keep heading south on Highway 21, it can not be missed as it will be on a hill directly in front of the road.

Wheatridge Washington

The building is being preserved by being clad in corrugated metal. The grounds are well taken care of, but inside the school building is nothing but debris.

Wheatridge Washington

Description:
I know nothing about Wheatridge or Fairview at all. I do not know if they are separate locations that shared a cemetery or if they were the same community with multiple names. I can not even find if there was a post office around. The only information I can find is a number of news articles of crimes committed “in” Wheatfield “near” Wilbur.

If you know anything more about Wheatridge/Fairview, please post below!

Bibliography:

Telford Washington, Central Washington Agricultural Ghost Town

Name: Telford
Class: H2
GPS: 47.694141, -118.407965

Directions:
Head west along US Highway 2 from Davenport Washington. At 13 miles take a left on to Telford Road. The town was about half a mile down this road where it crosses the train tracks.

Description:

Telford was a stop on the Central Washington Railroad.

According to “Origin of Washington Geographic Names” , “Named on July 4th, 1909 for M.A. Telford, a prosperous rancher in that vicinity. The railroad tried to change the name to “Fellows” when the road was being constructed.

If you know anything more about Telford, please comment below!

Bibliography:

Farmer Washington

Name: Farmer
Class: C2
GPS: 47.612752, -119.813885

Directions: From Wenatchee head north along US Route 2 which parallels the Columbia River. At the town of Orondo Route 2 takes a sharp right east. Follow Route 2 for 37 miles, through the towns of Waterville and Douglas. Farmer was at the intersection of US Route 2 and Highway 172. At this intersection will be the Farmer’s Community Hall on the left, two grain silos on the right, and signs pointing left to Withrow and Mansfield.

Description:
I am not able to find much history of Farmer. But there are a number of interesting buildings here. The old general store and a barn are behind the two grain silos in a field. And north along Highway 172 is the cemetery on the left and an abandoned farm right. The farmhouse is gone, but there are two nice looking barns here and a bit of rubble.

Another abandoned farm is about 1/2 mile north on the right side down a road. It can be seen from the main road, but has no trespassing signs.

Farmer Washington

Farmer Washington

Farmer Washington

Farmer Washington

Farmer Washington

Farmer Washington

View of the Cemetery on a slight hill overlooking acres of farmland.

View of the Cemetery on a slight hill overlooking acres of farmland.

Bibliography:
Nothing known. Please comment below if you know anything about Farmer.

Ghost Town of Hite Washington

Name: Hite
Class: A2
GPS: 47.664381, -117.778262

Directions:
Hite is about about six miles west of Fairchild Air Force Base. Head west along Highway US-2. Take a right onto S Coulee Hite Road/S McEneany Road. After a mile and a half the there will be grain silos on the left. Hit was there.

Description:
I am able to find very little information about Hite other then the fact that it was a stop along the Central Washington Railroad. If you know anything about this little town, please comment below!

Bibliography: